Geoinformation, also known as geographic information, is a way to combine raw geographic data and computer systems to allow a more effective, accurate and immediate interpretation of information. This information, which can easily be manipulated and extrapolated from the computer program, is then used in planning, developing and researching various changes, trends and even possible future modifications of the geographic environment.
This very interesting concept can use maps, satellite remote sensing images and even discrete bits of spatial information stored in a variety of types of databases. The geodata from various sources can be combined to create models and working documents through a geographic information system or GIS. Using this information to develop spatial information about different organizations, physical systems and locations is an important new tool for designers, public planners and operational consultants to use. Keep in mind that this information is also used in all aspects of understanding changes in physical geography including biosphere and geosphere. The study of the natural word is used to help understand the impact that human development, also called human geography, is having on the planet.
There are several different types of programs that can be used in the development of GIS data. Learning about the applications for each program and software tools is essential in understanding how to most effectively work with geoinformation in productive and useful ways.